Argumentative essay

The following will provide an “Overview” statement and then break down the specific requirements/sections of the paper. Please use headings and organize your paper accordingly. The good news is that you already have the substantive data for the research paper (your first assignment)!

Overview of Project

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The goal of this project is for you to lay out a hypothetical research question using the Scientific Method. This project is based on the arguments of New Archaeology as developed by Lewis Binford.

Based on your visits and observations at the cemetery of your choice, I want you to propose a hypothesis that you would like to investigate. This hypothesis will be generated inductively. In other words, based on your observations within the cemetery you will propose an inductively derived interpretation. You will then outline 10 deductively derived Test Expectations that would logically support your hypothesis if tested. This, in concept, is similar to our 2nd Assignment!

Breakdown of Material to be Presented

Section 1: Relating to your initial visit to the cemetery: You were supposed to walk around and observe the gravestone markers. The goal was to identify as many stylistic differences in the markers as possible (e.g., height, type of stone, markings, dates, etc.). Please write down those observations that you noted. (You can easily provide 25 observations.)

Section 2: Relating to your second visit to the cemetery: You were to choose one specific observation that was of particular interest to you. I want you to prepare one-two paragraphs that state why you chose this particular observation (why it interested you). I then want you to write an additional one-two paragraphs that discuss the important information that this “style” might provide us (e.g., does it illustrate how society’s views towards minorities changed over time).

Section 3: Identify all the stylistic variations you noticed for the specific observation you selected (Section #2). For example (and remember you are NOT to select the following observation), if you were interested in the use of religious symbols on the gravestones (e.g., crosses), you would then document all of the different approaches used in the rendering of said crosses (e.g., mounted atop the gravestone, carved in a vertical style, carved in a slanted style, etc.) Please choose an observation that has many different observable styles! And please document the date of death associated with each stylistic observation.

Section 4: Analyze your data and think about it for a while. I want you to identify any interesting (or possibly interesting) patterns and then provide an interpretation. This observation should be in the form of an inductively arrived at statement. For example (and drawing from above), “The change from using mounted crosses to engraved crosses may be a product of increasing humility within the Christian religion.” Or, “The change from using mounted crosses to engraved crosses could reflect economic changes in society that resulted in the need for less expensive tombstones.”

Section 5: Based on your inductively derived interpretation/hypothesis above, I want you to develop 8-10 Test Expectations that are logically consistent with your hypothesis. In other words, IF your hypothesis is correct, THEN I would expect to find the following. (*Remember that you are NOT being asked to answer this hypothesis.) This portion of the paper integrates deductive reasoning into your analysis. Your Test Expectations can include what you would expect to find if you were to “hypothetically” excavate the burial. Or, the Test Expectations can be based on what you would expect to find if you were to conduct research outside the cemetery. Finally, when it comes to developing your test expectations, I want you provide 8-10 expectations that would falsify your hypothesis! In other words, what would you expect to discover if your hypothesis, in fact, were incorrect!

If you like, feel free to include a write-up on what you think you would ultimately learn if you were actually to conduct the research!



Even though I was hesitant at first since I never visited a cemetery before, I was rather anxious and hesitant of what I might have find in a cemetery. I was later pleasantly surprise of how interesting it was. Walking around in the grounds of a cemetery turned out to be peaceful, rewarding, and I learned a lot about the different headstones, some very elaborate, and other just very simple ones. It was also interesting to learn the names of the person or persons under the stones. Some were small headstones with only one name, while others were medium, and others large ones with the names of more than one person.

Here is a list of the headstones I was mostly impressed about. The first cemetery I visited was the Hollywood Forever Cemetery. Some of the headstones I visited there were:

· Steve Nicholas – 12.23.1945 – 11.09-2004 and with Rosie Nicholas – 04.18.1950 – 07.05.2017. The headstone was a large granite stone with one tall vase on each side. The vases were exactly the same, and also matching the granite of the whole headstone. On the upper section of the headstone it was a pictures of the deceased persons, with the design of two doves, one at each side of the picture. Further up, there were also the design of two hands in a praying position, one on each corner of the headstone. In the center of the headstone, there was an inscription that reads: SKIPPER In God he Trusted. Some beautiful roses were placed on the vases, indicating that some relative or friend just visited the place.

· Further down I visited two similar stones one in front of the other: One had an inscription of the last name WALKER, and behind that a similar one with the name SHORTER. These two headstones were carved in a great stone, they were both similar that can be described as frequency seriation, since there were other similar headstones further back that were also carved in grey stone. They were all medium size headstones.

· The next headstone, also carved in grey stone, had a white vase on one side, with the pictures of the deceased on the upper corners, and outlined in the center the picture of Christ, which means they were probably Christians. In front of the headstone, they also had a marble block with inscription, and the whole area was enclosed with a chain maybe to prevent people from getting too close.

· The next headstone, also carved in grey stone, but with a more elaborate design, was that with the name: Clifford S. 1892-1915 and Elvira F. Peters 1943. In the upper section with big letters it read : KUHN, which is probably the family name. It was a tall headstone.

· The next headstone was a black and white marble platform, with a black headstone, in a step platform (stratigraphic), with a White marble cross on the top, indicating the Christianity affiliation of the deceased. This headstone was quite different than all the other headstones.

· The next headstone I like it a lot was also done or carved in dark pink granite, with two steps at the bottom, and a curve design on the top that shows a vase on each side that reads one MOM and the other DAD which means it was built by their children. In the upper section it read: “Known to friends as Sonia & Butch.” There names are: Dorothy Milazo (01/29/1952 – 11/18/2009) and Luis Nicholas (02/10/1958 – 04/01/2016), and an inscription like poems under each name.

· Another similar headstone was close to this one. It was also done in pink granite, combined with brown granite. It was in a foreign language I couldn’t or cannot understand, I was only able to get that it was only one person indicated by the inscription at the bottom: 10.22.1934 – 04.07.2005.

On my second visit, I went to a smaller cemetery that I was always curious about. I used to see it when I attended some summer classes at Loyola High School. The cemetery can be seen across the street from the school, and it looked like a very old cemetery. I found out that the name of that cemetery is Angelus Rosedale, also known as Rosedale Memorial Park, and the entrance is not on Venice Blvd. but on Washington Blvd. Since Loyola high School is on Venice Blvd., what I used to see was only the back of the cemetery. I was surprised to realized it was not a small place, but a lot bigger than I thought. The gravestones visited were:

· A concrete square with a flat granite stone in the center that reads: Chauncey C. Park, Washington CPS US ARMY WORLD WAR II

Feb. 20, 1921 a cross in the center Oct. 12, 1973. I was elated to see the burial place of a World War II hero. There is pink vase on the side, unfortunately with dead flowers. I will go back soon and take some new flowers. Anyone who fought in World War II deserves it.

· The next headstone is a tall white marble that sits on a block of stone. It is a very old headstone and the letters printed is no longer clear, the name reads Jenny and a hard to read last name, the date is 1834 – 1944. This is an old cemetery.

· The next headstone that caught my attention is a big headstone in a combination of light and dark carved stone. It is set in three steps with the name DUNHAM in the center of the second step. On the first step, rather hard to read it says Mary. Beloved wife of L.H. Dunham, with the dates Fe. 02, 1838 – Dec. 28, 1897.

· Another headstone done in grey granite reads: KREIM in big letters, also in the second step, because it is also done in three steps (frequency seriation?) The names of the deceased are: Henry Kreim: 09/14/1822 – 11/17/1899, and the other name is Mary C. Kreim: 07/14/1822 – 01/12/1906. There are palm branches on each corner of the upper section.

Now that I described the different tombstones, I will describe the cemeteries I visited. As I stated above, the first cemetery I visited was the Hollywood Forever Cemetery. It is one of the oldest cemeteries in Los Angeles, CA, situated in 6000 Santa Monica Blvd, in the Hollywood District. It is a beautiful cemetery, it doesn’t look like an old cemetery. The ground is very well kept, a beautiful landscape all around, closed to Paramount Pictures. For this reason, it is home to many cinematographic celebrities. It was founded in 1899, but it looks very modern. It was formerly named Hollywood Memorial Park Cemetery. It occupies about 60 acres, with to chapels, one crematory, and the administration building. What I like the most was the landscape, it looks like a park, and very well kept. The buildings seems to be of different styles. There is a Cathedra Mausoleum that is Italian Renaissance style. I learned that the administration building is Spanish Baroque. It looks like a very modern cemetery, but that is only due to the continuous renovation projects that was and still is done on a regular basis. It is a very well kept cemetery. It is or was used in several occasions as background or filming site for several pictures, including the very famous “Gone with the Wind.” Several tours take place in this cemetery, and a tour guide gave me the information about the filming of pictures, and I also learned that there is an area dedicated to Jewish cemetery, one of the oldest in Southern California Cemetery.

The second cemetery I visited was the Angelus-Rosedale Cemetery, located in Los Angeles in the Pico-Union area. The address is 1831 West Washington Blvd., southwest of Downtown. This cemetery was founded in 1884, and occupies about 65 acres. The Los Angeles population at that time was quite different than now. It was only about 28,000. It was the first cemetery built in Los Angeles, and it houses people of all different races and creeds. The architecture was also design as a landscape surrounded by trees, flowers, and different works of art. What I observed though, it is rather sad that it is not very well kept. The grounds are dry and brown, and it is clear that it needs more care. The headstones and mausoleums are in general well kept, but the landscape needs more care. I kept thinking that a small accidental fire can become a disaster. I think the reason for the lack of care might be due to financial situations, just a thought of course.

A fascinating story I learned about this cemetery is that it is the house of the famous American Architect Sumner Hunt (05/08/1865 – 11/19/1938). He passed away at age 73, and he was buried at Angelus-Rosedale Cemetery. Among his famous architectural designs are the Los Angeles Country Club, and the Automobile Club of Southern California. What I found about this cemetery is that the tombstones are not as big an elaborate like the Hollywood Cemetery, but nonetheless a wonderful experience. XX

I do not have the picture of the second one in Angelus Rosedale Cemetery. But the comparison it would be somewhat easy. It was just a plain rectangular white stone placed flat on the ground, and it also showed a cross indicating Christian religious. It’s older than the first one, and it probably indicates the economic difference between the two people from the Hollywood Cemetery, and the one from the Angelus Rosedale cemetery. The second one was definitely less expensive than the first one that was probably a very expensive headstone.

I just submitted the information, and it seems the pictures didn’t copy in the email. Please confirm receipt, and let me know how to submit the pictures. Thank you,

I was in contact with one of the writers who said she was from Delaware, we discussed online the project, and got an offer of $80 that I accepted. I then at her request submitted all the information with pictures of the cemetery I visited in Los Angeles, and my three pages essay that was submitted previously as an assignment and preview of the final assignment that requires 8 pages double space essay. I am now at lost, because I do not get any other message from this person. I believe her name was Kathy? Unfortunately I didn’t write down her name, and now i cannot get back to the conversation, and I submitted the whole requirements for the project and I am not getting any answer. I am only refer to other writers for bids. What is the situation? Please answer. If the person that was in the online chat is not real, than I will proceed otherwise. Thank you.

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