Read the following chapters in A Different Mirror.
Chapter 11 “Jews Are Pushed from Russia”
Chapter 12 “Up from Mexico”
Chapter 14 “World War II and America’s Ethnic Problem”
100 points: complete the following exercise:
Briefly summarize Chapter 14 and write a 1-1/2 page informal response to some of the ideas presented in this chapter. This is not a graded formal essay but just a response that shows your thoughts and analysis about the “ethnic” problem in America after WWII.
Add your thoughts about what you learned in any of the above chapters to the Discussion section.
50 points possible
Read Chapter 10 pages 195 to 199 to begin to understand the structure of a classical argument, which is what you will do for essay #3. This is our last formal essay and is due July 30.
Complete the following exercises. These are in your book but I’ve revised to fit our online structure.
FOR WRITING AND DISCUSSION Generating Because Clauses
Select two of the following yes/no claims and generate a list of reasons for and against. State your reasons as because clauses. Think of as many because clauses as possible by imagining a wide variety of perspectives on the issue.
The school year for grades 1 through 12 should be lengthened to eleven months.
The United States should institute a compulsory gun buyback program similar to what Australia has done.
The United States should adopt a single-payer, government-financed healthcare system like that of Canada.
Violent video games are a harmful influence on teenage boys.
Women’s fashion and style magazines (such as Glamour or Seventeen) are harmful influences on teenage girls.
The minimum wage should be raised to $15 per hour.
50 points possible
Read Chapter 10 page s199-200 “Articulating Unstated Assumptions” to understand how to identify unstated assumptions, which is something you will need to demonstrate in Essay #3.
Complete the following exercise to apply this concept:
FOR WRITING AND DISCUSSION Identifying Underlying Assumptions
Identify the underlying assumptions in each of the following claims with reasons.
Cocaine and heroin should be legalized because legalizing drugs will keep the government out of people’s private lives.
The government should raise gasoline taxes because the higher price would discourage people from driving gas-guzzling cars.
The government should not raise gasoline taxes because the higher gas prices would harm low-income people.
The government should not raise gasoline taxes because other means of fighting climate change would be more effective.
For-profit police practices (raising city or state income by aggressively writing tickets for traffic violations, burnt-out tail lights, and so forth) should be banned because these practices hurt people of color more than they hurt whites.
Read Chapter 10 pages 201 to 204 “Using Evidence Effectively” and “Evaluating Evidence.”
Exercise (50 points):
Why is evidence is important and what types of evidence are most effective? Write a 2-paragraph explanation in response to this question.
50 points possible
Read Chapter 10 pages 205-207 to understand how to address objections and counterarguments against your own claims. To practice, complete the following exercise found on page 207:
FOR WRITING AND DISCUSSION Creating Argument Frames for Planning
Create plans for the following arguments. For each claim with reason: (a) imagine the kinds of evidence needed to support the reason, (b) identify the underlying assumption, (c) imagine a strategy for supporting the assumption, and (d) anticipate possible objections to the reason and to the assumption.
Claim with reason: Instead of buying a car, we should use car sharing (Car-To-Go or ZIPcar) because doing do so will save us money on car payments, maintenance, insurance, and parking. (Imagine this argument aimed at your significant other, who wants to buy a car.)
Claim with reason: Parents should not allow their children to play tackle football because the danger of concussive head injuries is too severe. Aim this argument at a teenager who wants to play high school football or at a parent who supports the teenager’s wishes.
Claim with reason: Social networking sites are good for society because they help isolated or shy persons connect with other people. (Aim this argument at critics of social networking sites, particularly those who emphasize the superficiality of these sites and their potential for cyber-bullying or wasting time.)
50 points possible
Read Chapter 10 “Responding to Objections, Counterarguments and Alternative Views” (pages 207 to 209) and complete the following exercise:
Qualify the following claims in order to avoid making sweeping statements and show that you acknowledge other views may be possible:
Claims: All beaches should be closed during the Covid pandemic.
Qualified: Many people people that some beaches should be closed during the Covid pandemic.
The school year should be 12 months long.
Marijuana should be legalized in all states.
Masks should be warn at all times when leaving your house.
Online education is not as effective as a traditional classroom education.
Online education is more effective than a traditional classroom education.
This assignment can be submitted Tuesday 7/28
Read Chapter 10 “Appealing to Ethos and Pathos” to understand how messages persuade when constructing an argument.
Complete the following exercise:
1. How effective is the use of “ethos” in the student essay “Paintball: Promoter of Violence or Fun?”? Give at least two examples from the essay to illustrate your response.
2. How effective is the use of “pathos” in the student essay “Paintball: Promoter of Violence or Fun? Give at least two examples from the essay to illustrate your response.
After reading Chapter 10 “Writing a Classical Argument” and understanding how a persuasive argument is developed, do you think the student essay “Paintball: Promoter of Violence or Healthy Fun?” is a persuasive sound argument? Why or why not?
Respond with at least one paragraph in the Discussion section.
Add your comments to one or two other students.
Submit “Completed” here for the points.
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