Health Promotion- Discussion Topic Review

Please respond 1/2 page to each of the 2 discussions listed below with 1 source per discussion. Discussion should provide additional insight to peer’s response.

Response (#1) to Christi C.
Population health focuses on patterns of determinates that influence the health of populations over the life course and applying the resulting knowledge to develop and implement policies and actions to improve the health and well-being of those populations (Falk, 2014). For example, health care systems look at determinants like medical care, public health interventions, genetics, individual behavior, and environments when trying to improve the community’s health outcomes. Whereas public health is what society can do collectively to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy (Falk, 2014). For example, making sure there is clean public drinking water or a restaurant owner making sure they pass their health inspection.
We are asked to explain the difference between individual and population-based prevention efforts. Individual based- prevention efforts identify high-risk susceptible individuals and offers them some individual protection. For example, if the patient is pre-diabetic, he or she will need to follow a diet and exercise plan to prevent developing diabetes. Population-based prevention would be using prevention strategies to target the whole population. For example, a mass-media anti-smoking campaign.
The difference between universal and targeted strategies would be that universal strategies are designed for an entire population without regard to individual risk factors. Whereas targeted strategies would put into consideration individual risk factors.
As I stated last week, I am not fully educated on our health care system. I personally have already learned a lot from reading all your discussion posts and receiving feedback from peers. Feel free to add your insight to my post!
References
Falk, L. (2014). What is population health and how does it compare to public health? Health Catalyst. Retrieved from https://www.healthcatalyst.com/what-is-population-health/

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Response #2 (Tori Lynn)
Population health and public health both deal with the well being of an entire community rather than a patient on an individual level. They differ by the way they target community health. Public health is when society works collectively as a whole to assure the conditions in which people can be healthy (Nakamura, 2017). Population health is an approach that focuses more on the interrelated factors and conditions that influence the health of the population over the course of a lifetime. Population health follows trends over time to come up with hypotheses and implement policies that will later promote the health of the population (Nakamura, 2017). There are two approaches to public health. One being, individualistic and the other being population based. Population prevention promotes healthy behavior to lower the overall risk of illness for the entire population. The end result being more extensive holistically, but for each participating person, may not be significant. Vise-versa, the individualistic approach is more so for that person’s benefit. However, it has a limited effect on the population as a whole, and does not target the underlying cause of the illness (Arah, 2019). For population based preventions there are two strategies; universal and targeted. Universal attempts to affect every individual within a population, compared to a targeted approach where candidates are screened and chosen which one will be participating based on behavioral characteristics (World Health Organization, 2016).

Arah, O. (2019, August). On the relationship between individual and population health. Retrieved
July 11, 2020, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2698967 (Links to an external site.)
Nakamura, M. (2017). How Does Population Health Differ from Public Health? Retrieved July 11,
2020, from https://www.colleaga.org/article/how-does-population-health-differ-public-health (Links to an external site.)
World Health Organization. (2016, July 29). Overview. Retrieved July 11, 2020, from
https://www.who.int/whr/2002/overview/en/index3.html

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